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ENISA and eu-LISA - Cooperation for a More Digitally Resilient Europehttps://www.eulisa.europa.eu/Newsroom/News/Pages/ENISA-and-euLISA-Cooperation-for-a-More-Digitally-Resilient-Europe.aspxENISA and eu-LISA - Cooperation for a More Digitally Resilient Europe08/01/2021 11:00:00<p>​Within the priorities of the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the European Union and the current Recovery Plan for Europe put forward by the European Commission, the words "digital" and "resilience" are prominent and at times used together. When combined they bring to mind IT-related challenges that need to be addressed to ensure a stronger and safer Europe for its citizens. One of the primary concerns is cybersecurity; and, given that this is a topic of common interest to the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) and the European Union Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (eu-LISA), it gives the two Agencies further impetus to work together to face this growing threat.</p><p>Earlier today Executive Directors Juhan Lepassaar (ENISA) and Krum Garkov (eu-LISA) signed a multiannual Cooperation Plan. The plan sets out activities that will provide benefits through joint actions to the Agencies themselves and to the EU Member States.</p><p>The three-year Cooperation Plan complements the existing regulations applicable to ENISA and eu-LISA, and lays out various actions within complimentary areas that the Agencies can draw benefits from by sharing knowledge, information and expertise. Information Security, Business Continuity, Research, Data Protection and Corporate Quality Management are among the priority areas identified for collaboration.</p><p>ENISA Executive Director Juhan Lepassaar "Securing our digital future is facilitated by sharing knowledge and expertise. This Cooperation Plan will allow our Agencies to find solutions together."</p><p>"With cybersecurity and digital resilience high on the European agenda for the coming years, it seems fitting to take the opportunity to strengthen our cooperation with ENISA and to boost our common contributions to the goals set for Europe's digital future. There are many areas where our respective consolidated expertise can be put to good use. The EU Cybersecurity Strategy, adopted by the Commission in December, is one of these and the fast changing landscape of cyber threats including the ensuing need to secure common cyber spaces are examples of where we can mutually assist each other. This renewed agreement is the best way to kick-off 2021 and eu-LISA is looking forward to extending its relationship with ENISA." said Krum Garkov, Executive Director of eu-LISA.</p><p>It is in the common interest of both Agencies to promote and share activities with their stakeholders and the general public in order to provide increased visibility and further improve awareness of their respective responsibilities and joint successes. For this reason, the Cooperation Plan includes core activity related plans, as well as communication and information sharing as important areas for joint actions.</p><p>Further Information:</p><ul><li><p> <a href="https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/cybersecurity-strategy">The EU CyberSecurity Strategy</a><br></p></li><li><p> <a href="https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32018R1726">eu-LISA Regulation</a></p></li><li><p> <a href="https://discover.eulisa.europa.eu/">Discover eu-LISA</a></p></li><li><p> <a href="https://enisa.europa.eu/">ENISA website</a></p></li><li><p> <a href="https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32019R0881&from=EN#d1e1444-15-1">Cybersecurity Act</a><br></p></li><li><p><a href="/Newsroom/News/Documents/Cooperation%20Plan%20with%20ENISA.pdf" target="_blank">Joint News Item</a><br></p></li></ul><p>For questions related to press and interviews, please contact</p><p> <a href="mailto:press@enisa.europa.eu">press (at) enisa.europa.eu</a> and <a href="mailto:press@eulisa.europa.eu">press (at) eulisa.europa.eu</a><br></p><p><img src="/Newsroom/News/PublishingImages/cooperation_plan_photo.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /><br></p> <p></p>
The eu-LISA Bits and Bytes Issue 2https://www.eulisa.europa.eu/Newsroom/News/Pages/The-eu-LISA-Bits-and-Bytes-Issue-2.aspxThe eu-LISA Bits and Bytes Issue 220/12/2020 22:00:00<p>The European Union Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (eu-LISA) is proud to present the second issue of <strong><a href="https://bit.ly/eu-LISA-Bits-Bytes" target="_blank">Bits & Bytes</a></strong>, a digital newsletter showcasing the Agency's recent progress and ongoing activities in the Justice and Home Affairs domain.<br></p><p>In this issue we take a look back at our flagship event - the 2020 Annual Conference - a fully virtual event, organised in cooperation with the German Presidency of the Council of the EU - as well as the impact the new Pact on Migration and Asylum will have on Eurodac.</p><p>Then we delve deeper into what has been a hot topic for the past years - Artificial Intelligence (AI). Read about the AI initiatives at eu-LISA, including a chat bot/ virtual assistant that is foreseen for the EU's future online visa application portal.<br></p><p>The eu-LISA Bits & Bytes can be accessed via an easy to remember link: <a href="https://bit.ly/eu-LISA-Bits-Bytes" target="_blank">bit.ly/eu-LISA-Bits-Bytes</a>.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="https://bit.ly/eu-LISA-Bits-Bytes" target="_blank"><img src="/Newsroom/News/PublishingImages/nl.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;max-width:75%;" /></a><br></p><p> <br> </p><br>
The digital transformation of internal security in the EU, AI and the role of eu-LISAhttps://www.eulisa.europa.eu/Newsroom/News/Pages/The-digital-transformation-of-internal-security-in-the-EU-AI-and-the-role-of-eu-LISA.aspxThe digital transformation of internal security in the EU, AI and the role of eu-LISA15/12/2020 10:00:00<p>​By <strong>Krum Garkov</strong>, Executive Director of eu-LISA<br></p><p>The ongoing digital transformation of internal security is a fact – today efficient internal security means information driven internal security. In addition, the COVID crisis only accelerated the digital transformation of traditional business models and internal security is no exception to this trend. Furthermore, if digital technologies are the engine of modern internal security, then the fuel of that engine is data. This is why utilizing big data for the purposes of internal security is a new paradigm to achieve better efficiency in the work of law enforcement officers.</p><p>Better efficiency is necessary because, in the long, run the nature and range of security threats will only grow. At the same time, it is unlikely that in the coming years there will be a substantial increase of the workforce engaged in the area of internal security.</p><p>Utilizing big data only though, will not be enough. Data is just the raw material. What really matters is the information created from it and put in the hands of practitioners, enabling them to take better and informed decisions.</p><p>However, the volumes of data and information are constantly growing and that trend will continue in the future. To avoid being flooded with raw data and information, law enforcement practitioners should be provided with a better tool set to handle it. This is where the role of the Artificial Intelligence (AI) solutions come in.</p><p>AI is one of the most promising disruptive technologies that could create tangible benefits in the area of internal security. It could enable law enforcement practitioners to follow an integrated and risk-based approach to address present and future security threats. Hence, the question is not whether to adopt AI but when and how…</p><p>In the EU, the great potential of AI for internal security has been recognised and has become a political and operational priority, reflected in the EU Security Union Strategy.</p><p>eu-LISA has also recognised the potential of AI and is pro-actively looking for ways to implement it practically in the areas of the Agency's responsibilities as per its mandate and in its day-to-day operations. At the same time, the Agency does not look at AI in isolation, but as an essential building block of the new information architecture for internal security and border management, currently under implementation by eu-LISA.</p><p>In July 2020, the Agency published its research report 'Artificial Intelligence in the Operational Management of Large-scale IT Systems'. The report provides insight on the way eu-LISA can explore the potential of AI in its internal operations and for benefit of its stakeholders. </p><p>Furthermore, eu-LISA contributed to several EU-wide studies that explored different aspects of the potential use of AI in the JHA domain, in particular:</p><ul><li><p>A study on opportunities for AI in border control, coordinated by DG HOME;</p></li><li><p>An impact assessment on hosting a data space for Law Enforcement. </p></li></ul><p>In the context of the new information architecture for internal security and border management, eu-LISA identified several use-cases for implementation of AI-based solutions in the coming years:</p><ul><li><p>AI for ETIAS, to enable automatic screening of the travellers on the basis of pre-defined risk indicators and screening rules;</p></li><li><p>AI for CRRS, to increase the analytical tool set provided to the Agency's stakeholders;</p></li><li><p>AI for sBMS, to improve and enhance the accuracy of biometric matching algorithms;</p></li><li><p>AI in the EU e-Visa Proof-of-Concept, presently under development at eu-LISA. </p></li></ul><p>eu-LISA is considering launching two additional Proofs of Concepts to explore the potential of AI in its internal operations:</p><ul><li><p>For the use of a virtual assistant/chat bot in its Service Desk; </p></li><li><p>For the implementation of an AI-based solution for predictive analytics of IT infrastructure and/or network with the aim to improve availability of infrastructure and reduce failures and downtime.</p></li></ul><p>Last but not least, eu-LISA intends to establish a horizontal Working Group on AI, to further explore the practical implementation of the findings of DG HOME's study 'Opportunities and challenges for the use of artificial intelligence in border control, migration and security'. This would be done in the context of the systems entrusted to the Agency and the new information architecture for internal security and border management.</p><p>At the end, I should note that while the implementation of AI solutions might look quite technical, in reality the main challenges are not technical at all. To me, the four main challenges that have to be recognised and addressed in order for the implementation of AI solutions to make sense and to provide tangible benefits, are:</p><ol><li><p>Political and operational leaders need to recognise the potential of AI and to promote and steer the implementation of AI solutions;</p></li><li><p>A new balance between use of big amounts of data and data protection/privacy safeguards needs to be found. EU legislation needs to evolve and establish a framework for an ethical use of AI. At the same time, it has to match the evolution of technologies and the needs of practitioners.</p></li><li><p>Substantial effort is required for training and capacity building to enable law enforcement practitioners to explore the benefits of AI fully.</p></li><li><p>Trust needs to be built in society that the capabilities of AI will bring an important added-value and will be used for legitimate purposes.</p></li></ol><p>If these challenges are not recognised and addressed properly, the technical excellence of the solutions put in place will bring limited benefits.  </p><p>In eu-LISA we firmly believe that AI is an indispensable building block of the ongoing digital transformation and that its potential and capabilities should be explored without delay. The Agency is committed to this journey and prepared to play a pro-active role in it. At the same time, it is clear that the proper implementation of AI for internal security in the EU can only be achieved as a collective exercise and should be based on synergies and complementarities between all involved actors, and close collaboration between the public and private sectors.<br></p>
EU Justice and Home Affairs agencies put focus on digitalisationhttps://www.eulisa.europa.eu/Newsroom/News/Pages/EU-Justice-and-Home-Affairs-agencies-put-focus-on-digitalisation.aspxEU Justice and Home Affairs agencies put focus on digitalisation20/11/2020 12:00:00<p>​The EU's Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) agencies are stepping up their mutual cooperation on digitalisation. Earlier today, the Heads of JHA Agencies came together for a virtual annual meeting, chaired by Eurojust, where they had a first exchange on Artificial Intelligence and digital capacity building, training tools and innovative learning. With the COVID-19 pandemic having served as a catalyst for teleworking and videoconferencing, the agencies agreed to explore avenues for closer cooperation in order to shape the digital future of law enforcement, border management and justice that respects fundamental rights.</p><p>All JHA agencies have been able to continue their operational activities during the COVID-19 pandemic with the help of readily available digital and online communication tools. The pandemic has given new insights into how these virtual ways of working can be optimised and, by sharing their experiences and best practices, the agencies now aim to make optimal use of existing capacities and expertise. At the same time, the increasingly important role of Artificial Intelligence in the agencies' operational activities calls for closer cooperation in this field to ensure that AI development and deployment does not negatively impact fundamental rights. </p><p>eu-LISA Executive Director, Mr Krum Garkov said: '<em>At eu-LISA we firmly believe in the creation of common Artificial Intelligence capabilities that will allow internal and external synergies, as well as JHA domain communities to develop, test, and explore relevant solutions for the future.</em></p><p><em>AI is an opportunity to be used to support our business needs and to complement and strengthen our work. It`s no longer a matter of if, but rather of when</em>'.</p><p>Following today's discussions, the Heads of JHA agencies agreed to draw up a list of upcoming challenges and opportunities for joint initiatives in the field of digitalisation. Aware of the resources that future digitalisation measures will inevitably require, they called upon the EU institutions to make sure that adequate funding is available. </p><p>Eurojust chaired today's meeting and has made digitalisation a priority for the coming years. In close cooperation with the European Commission, the agencies will work towards the full digitalisation of judicial cooperation in the EU. With interoperability, secure online communication channels and innovative technologies as its key ingredients, this Digital Criminal Justice project is expected to also benefit other JHA agencies and help streamline interagency cooperation.<br></p>