Eurodac

​​​​​Eurodac is a large-scale IT system that helps with the management of European asylum applications since 2003, by storing and processing the digitalised fingerprints of asylum seekers and irregular migrants who have entered a European country. In this way, the system helps to identify new asylum applications against those already registered in the database.

It is used by 32 countries: 28 EU Member States and 4 Associated Countries (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein). National asylum authorities use Eurodac to store new fingerprints and compare existing records on asylum seekers. Law enforcement authorities and Europol can access the system – under strict conditions –to prevent, detect and investigate terrorist and other serious criminal offences.

The revised Eurodac Regulation will:

  1. reinforce Eurodac in order to reflect changes to the Dublin mechanism and make sure that it continues to be effective in providing the biometric evidence needed to establish the responsibility for asylum;
  2. contribute to the fight against irregular migration by extending Eurodac’s scope and allowing the storage of, and searching using biometric data, of irregular migrants found illegally staying in the EU and facilitating returns.

The system will continue to be a valuable tool for officers deployed at borders and hotspots. Furthermore, it will bring added-value to those Member States that, even if they are not situated on EU external borders, must deal with an increasing need to be able to store and compare information on irregular migrants that were found illegally staying on their territory.

Eurodac and eu-LISA: helping to manage asylum applications​Annual report on the 2016 activities of Eurodac​​ - Factsheet ​Council Regulation No 2725/2000 concerning the establishment of 'Eurodac'​​​Regulation (EU) No 603/2013 on Eurodac Recast​

SIS II

SIS II

 
In May 2013, eu-LISA became responsible of the operational management of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) which entered into operation on 09 April 2013 replacing SIS1. SIS II, the largest information system for public security in Europe, allows information exchanges between national border control, customs and police authorities ensuring that the free movement of people within the EU can take place in a safe environment. It also contains alerts on missing persons, in particular children, as well as information on certain property, such as banknotes, cars, vans, firearms and identity documents that may have been stolen, misappropriated or lost.

The countries currently using the system  are the EU Member States (except for Croatia, Ireland and the UK)  and  Associated Countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.

 
VIS

VIS

 
In December 2012, eu-LISA became responsible of the operational management of the Visa Information System (VIS). It is a system for the exchange of visa data among Schengen Member States. VIS connects consulates in non-EU countries and all external border crossing points of Schengen States. It processes data and decisions relating to applications for short-stay visas to visit, or to transit through, the Schengen Area. The system can perform biometric matching, primarily of fingerprints, for identification and verification purposes.

The countries using the system are the Schengen states, namely the EU Member States - except UK, Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Croatia and  Associated Countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.

 
EURODAC

EURODAC

 
In 2013, eu-LISA became responsible for the management of EURODAC  (European Asylum Dactyloscopy Database) that helps, by matching fingerprints to make it easier for EU States to determine responsibility for examining an asylum application by comparing fingerprint datasets.
Since its creation in 2003 , EURODAC has been used for asylum purposes only: when someone applies for asylum, no matter where they are in the EU or in any of the countries participating in this cooperation, their fingerprints are transmitted to the central database.
Hence EURODAC facilitates the judicious and transparent receipt and processing of asylum applications from those who may need the protection afforded by Europe.

The countries using the system are the 28 EU Member States and  Associated Countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.