The Agency provides the technical and operational framework to ensure that European citizens and non-EU citizens enjoy the freedom to live, work and travel in a manner they have come to know and expect. More specifically, this means that the Agency is tasked with managing the three main IT systems dealing with visas, asylum requests and the exchange of information to guarantee the security of the Schengen Area. These are Eurodac, the Schengen Information System (SIS II) and the Visa Information System (VIS).
In 2013, eu-LISA became responsible for the management of EURODAC (European Asylum Dactyloscopy Database) that helps, by matching fingerprints to make it easier for EU States to determine responsibility for examining an asylum application by comparing fingerprint datasets. Since its creation in 2003 , EURODAC has been used for asylum purposes only: when someone applies for asylum, no matter where they are in the EU or in any of the countries participating in this cooperation, their fingerprints are transmitted to the central database. Hence EURODAC facilitates the judicious and transparent receipt and processing of asylum applications from those who may need the protection afforded by Europe. The countries using the system are the 28 EU Member States and Associated Countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
Eurodac and eu-LISA: helping to manage asylum applicationsAnnual report on the 2014 activities of EURODAC - Factsheet Council Regulation No 2725/2000 concerning the establishment of 'Eurodac'Regulation (EU) No 603/2013 on Eurodac Recast
Council Regulation No 2007/533/JHA on the establishment of SIS II
In December 2012, eu-LISA became responsible of the operational management of the Visa Information System (VIS). It is a system for the exchange of visa data among Schengen Member States. VIS connects consulates in non-EU countries and all external border crossing points of Schengen States. It processes data and decisions relating to applications for short-stay visas to visit, or to transit through, the Schengen Area. The system can perform biometric matching, primarily of fingerprints, for identification and verification purposes.
The countries using the system are the Schengen states, namely the EU Member States - except UK, Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Croatia and Associated Countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
VIS and eu-LISA: supporting secure and hassle-free travel in the EURegulation (EC) No 767/2008 concerning VIS